October 24, 2021

Islamic calligraphy: the Maghrebi script

Islamic calligraphy: the Maghrebi script

The Maghrebi script first appeared in the Maghreb and later in Andalusia. It is a cursive style of handwritten Arabic alphabet that was influenced by the Kufic style. In order to keep a line of even thickness while writing, a pointed tip is usually used for the Maghrebi script.

One difference between the Maghrebi and Mashreqi scripts would be the notation of some letters. Besides, the Maghrebi style is characterized by overly extended horizontal elements, rounded forms, along with open curves at the end.

The Maghrebi script, like many other types of calligraphy, is known for its variety. However, we can still divide it into five categories:

  • Maghrebi Kufic which is a direct variation of the original Kufic script.
  • Mabsout script used to write the Quran.
  • Musnad script utilized for marriage contracts.
  • Mojawher script, which the king uses to announce laws.
  • Thuluth Maghrebi employed to decorate walls in mosques and book titles.

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