September 29, 2021

Islamic calligraphy

Islamic calligraphy

Islamic calligraphy can be defined as the artistic practice of writing in the Arabic alphabet's languages (Arabic, Persian, Ottoman, Urdu). It is considered to be the essential element of Islamic art. Calligraphy can be used on paper and on various materials, which allows calligraphers to express themselves through both texts and art.

The main reason Muslims highly regard calligraphy is that it is used to present the words of the Qur'an. This factor is significant because the Qur'an, which is the religious text of Islam, is believed to be the Word of God. Thus, Muslims try to write it with as much clarity and precision as possible.

Nevertheless, Islamic calligraphy isn't limited to religious purposes. It can be used as a central element in decoration by changing the colors and styles of the letters. Another way to enhance calligraphy is to combine it with the other elements of Islamic art (geometric and floral designs). For example, vegetal scrolls can be added on the same surface as calligraphy. This versatility enables calligraphers to display their work even more beautifully.

Islamic calligraphy has a wide range of styles, such as Kufic, Mabsout, Thuluth, and others. We will further discuss these styles in future posts.

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