Flower patterns are one of the components of Islamic art. The arabesque, which means "in the Arab fashion" in French, is a well-known Islamic art design. It is a combination of interlacing and rhythmical floral patterns. Arabesques can be used to adorn buildings, objects, textiles, and others. Floral ornaments can also hold, in some cases, a theological meaning. For example, the cypress can signify humility before god.
In the 13th century, western Asia was invaded by Mongols, and a Mongol court was established in Iran. This led to the emergence of some Chinese motifs, such as the lotus in Islamic art. Afterward, Ottoman art was influenced by contemporary Iran. Thus, Chinese motifs became part of this art. in the 16th century, some flowers like tulips and roses became commonly used by Islamic artisans.
Islamic designers are some of the most ingenious artists. They were able to explore so many possibilities offered by plants in order to develop mind-blowing combinations of floral patterns.