As seen in the first post (introduction to Islamic art), geometric patterns are one of the three non-figural elements of Islamic art, including calligraphy and floral designs. Geometric patterns are prominently connected with Islamic artistry, generally due to their aniconic characteristic. These designs do not simply embellish the surfaces of great Islamic architecture but additionally work as the primary decorative component on a vast range of objects.
Even though geometric ornamentation reached an apex in the Islamic world, the origin of both the shapes and the complicated patterns previously existed among the Greeks, Romans, and Sasanians. Islamic artisans appropriated key components from the old style and then expounded upon them to concoct another type of ornaments that focused on unity and order. The critical commitment of Islamic mathematicians, astronomers, and scientists was crucial for producing this one-of-a-kind new style.
Islamic symmetric patterns represent the best encounter of science and art in the context of geometrical and mathematic education. These patterns have a huge worth for mathematicians, artists, computer scientists, physicists, chemists, art historians, archeologists, and others. Besides, the mix of science and art is very fulfilling to the cultural needs of intelligent people.
Complex geometric patterns are developed from circles, polygons, and stars.
Created from simple forms such as the circle and the square, geometric patterns were consolidated and interweaved in unpredictable mixes, becoming one of the most distinctive elements of Islamic artwork. However, these intricate examples appear to exemplify a refusal to cling rigorously to the principles of geometry. In fact, the repetition and complexity of these patterns offer the chance of limitless development and can also lead to the fuse of different kinds of ornamentation.
- "Symmetries of Islamic geometrical patterns" by Abas Salman.