Mohammed I ibn Nasr of Arjona founded the Nasrid dynasty in 1232 and ruled over Granada, Jaen, Almeria, and Malaga. Granada was considered a cultural center of the Muslim west despite the pressure from Christian armies. The downfall of the Nasrids happened after the expulsion of the Muslims from the Iberian peninsula. The last ruler of the Nasrids was sent to the maghrib in 1492.
The diversity of Islamic civilization was a significant influence on the Nasrid art. the sultans spent a lot of time caring about the decoration of their palaces. One of the most famous artworks of that period is the Alhambra, also called the red castle because of the red walls and towers around it. Calligraphic, geometric, and floral motifs of Alhambra attracted all travelers. This masterpiece has inspired countless artists around the world.
The Nasrid art, unlike its predecessors, used a more delicate approach in their works. Ceramic ovens and natural pigments and materials allowed artists of that period to develop a variety of artworks.