November 7, 2021

Islamic art history: the Alaouite dynasty

Islamic art history: the Alaouite dynasty

The Alaouite dynasty rose to power in 1631 when Moulay al-Sharif was proclaimed Sultan of the Tafilalt region. His son Al-Rashid reunited Morocco that had faced many regional divisions after the ruin of the Saadi dynasty. In 1912, Both the French and Spanish protectorates were imposed on Morocco, which was under the rule of Mohammed V. The country finally gained its independence in 1956. From then on, Mohammed V  replaced the title of "Sultan" with "King." The Alaouite dynasty is the current Moroccan royal family with Mohammed VI as the king.

Since the beginning of the Alaouite reign, Morocco has preserved the Moroccan-Andalusian style. It has also reinforced its Moroccan specificity by developing complex patterns with central symmetry, named "Naouras" by the Moroccan artisans.

Among the architectural works produced by the Alaouite dynasty, we find the Mohammed V mausoleum in Rabat, the Moulay Ismail mausoleum in Meknes, the Hassan II mosque, and more.

Moulay Ismail mausoleum